prism-core.js

/// <reference lib="WebWorker"/>

var _self = (typeof window !== 'undefined')
	? window   // if in browser
	: (
		(typeof WorkerGlobalScope !== 'undefined' && self instanceof WorkerGlobalScope)
		? self // if in worker
		: {}   // if in node js
	);

/**
 * Prism: Lightweight, robust, elegant syntax highlighting
 *
 * @license MIT <https://opensource.org/licenses/MIT>
 * @author Lea Verou <https://lea.verou.me>
 * @namespace
 * @public
 */
var Prism = (function (_self){

// Private helper vars
var lang = /\blang(?:uage)?-([\w-]+)\b/i;
var uniqueId = 0;


var _ = {
	/**
	 * By default, Prism will attempt to highlight all code elements (by calling {@link Prism.highlightAll}) on the
	 * current page after the page finished loading. This might be a problem if e.g. you wanted to asynchronously load
	 * additional languages or plugins yourself.
	 *
	 * By setting this value to `true`, Prism will not automatically highlight all code elements on the page.
	 *
	 * You obviously have to change this value before the automatic highlighting started. To do this, you can add an
	 * empty Prism object into the global scope before loading the Prism script like this:
	 *
	 * ```js
	 * window.Prism = window.Prism || {};
	 * Prism.manual = true;
	 * // add a new <script> to load Prism's script
	 * ```
	 *
	 * @default false
	 * @type {boolean}
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 */
	manual: _self.Prism && _self.Prism.manual,
	disableWorkerMessageHandler: _self.Prism && _self.Prism.disableWorkerMessageHandler,

	/**
	 * A namespace for utility methods.
	 *
	 * All function in this namespace that are not explicitly marked as _public_ are for __internal use only__ and may
	 * change or disappear at any time.
	 *
	 * @namespace
	 * @memberof Prism
	 */
	util: {
		encode: function encode(tokens) {
			if (tokens instanceof Token) {
				return new Token(tokens.type, encode(tokens.content), tokens.alias);
			} else if (Array.isArray(tokens)) {
				return tokens.map(encode);
			} else {
				return tokens.replace(/&/g, '&amp;').replace(/</g, '&lt;').replace(/\u00a0/g, ' ');
			}
		},

		/**
		 * Returns the name of the type of the given value.
		 *
		 * @param {any} o
		 * @returns {string}
		 * @example
		 * type(null)      === 'Null'
		 * type(undefined) === 'Undefined'
		 * type(123)       === 'Number'
		 * type('foo')     === 'String'
		 * type(true)      === 'Boolean'
		 * type([1, 2])    === 'Array'
		 * type({})        === 'Object'
		 * type(String)    === 'Function'
		 * type(/abc+/)    === 'RegExp'
		 */
		type: function (o) {
			return Object.prototype.toString.call(o).slice(8, -1);
		},

		/**
		 * Returns a unique number for the given object. Later calls will still return the same number.
		 *
		 * @param {Object} obj
		 * @returns {number}
		 */
		objId: function (obj) {
			if (!obj['__id']) {
				Object.defineProperty(obj, '__id', { value: ++uniqueId });
			}
			return obj['__id'];
		},

		/**
		 * Creates a deep clone of the given object.
		 *
		 * The main intended use of this function is to clone language definitions.
		 *
		 * @param {T} o
		 * @param {Record<number, any>} [visited]
		 * @returns {T}
		 * @template T
		 */
		clone: function deepClone(o, visited) {
			visited = visited || {};

			var clone, id;
			switch (_.util.type(o)) {
				case 'Object':
					id = _.util.objId(o);
					if (visited[id]) {
						return visited[id];
					}
					clone = /** @type {Record<string, any>} */ ({});
					visited[id] = clone;

					for (var key in o) {
						if (o.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
							clone[key] = deepClone(o[key], visited);
						}
					}

					return /** @type {any} */ (clone);

				case 'Array':
					id = _.util.objId(o);
					if (visited[id]) {
						return visited[id];
					}
					clone = [];
					visited[id] = clone;

					(/** @type {Array} */(/** @type {any} */(o))).forEach(function (v, i) {
						clone[i] = deepClone(v, visited);
					});

					return /** @type {any} */ (clone);

				default:
					return o;
			}
		},

		/**
		 * Returns the Prism language of the given element set by a `language-xxxx` or `lang-xxxx` class.
		 *
		 * If no language is set for the element or the element is `null` or `undefined`, `none` will be returned.
		 *
		 * @param {Element} element
		 * @returns {string}
		 */
		getLanguage: function (element) {
			while (element && !lang.test(element.className)) {
				element = element.parentElement;
			}
			if (element) {
				return (element.className.match(lang) || [, 'none'])[1].toLowerCase();
			}
			return 'none';
		},

		/**
		 * Returns the script element that is currently executing.
		 *
		 * This does __not__ work for line script element.
		 *
		 * @returns {HTMLScriptElement | null}
		 */
		currentScript: function () {
			if (typeof document === 'undefined') {
				return null;
			}
			if ('currentScript' in document && 1 < 2 /* hack to trip TS' flow analysis */) {
				return /** @type {any} */ (document.currentScript);
			}

			// IE11 workaround
			// we'll get the src of the current script by parsing IE11's error stack trace
			// this will not work for inline scripts

			try {
				throw new Error();
			} catch (err) {
				// Get file src url from stack. Specifically works with the format of stack traces in IE.
				// A stack will look like this:
				//
				// Error
				//    at _.util.currentScript (http://localhost/components/prism-core.js:119:5)
				//    at Global code (http://localhost/components/prism-core.js:606:1)

				var src = (/at [^(\r\n]*\((.*):.+:.+\)$/i.exec(err.stack) || [])[1];
				if (src) {
					var scripts = document.getElementsByTagName('script');
					for (var i in scripts) {
						if (scripts[i].src == src) {
							return scripts[i];
						}
					}
				}
				return null;
			}
		},

		/**
		 * Returns whether a given class is active for `element`.
		 *
		 * The class can be activated if `element` or one of its ancestors has the given class and it can be deactivated
		 * if `element` or one of its ancestors has the negated version of the given class. The _negated version_ of the
		 * given class is just the given class with a `no-` prefix.
		 *
		 * Whether the class is active is determined by the closest ancestor of `element` (where `element` itself is
		 * closest ancestor) that has the given class or the negated version of it. If neither `element` nor any of its
		 * ancestors have the given class or the negated version of it, then the default activation will be returned.
		 *
		 * In the paradoxical situation where the closest ancestor contains __both__ the given class and the negated
		 * version of it, the class is considered active.
		 *
		 * @param {Element} element
		 * @param {string} className
		 * @param {boolean} [defaultActivation=false]
		 * @returns {boolean}
		 */
		isActive: function (element, className, defaultActivation) {
			var no = 'no-' + className;

			while (element) {
				var classList = element.classList;
				if (classList.contains(className)) {
					return true;
				}
				if (classList.contains(no)) {
					return false;
				}
				element = element.parentElement;
			}
			return !!defaultActivation;
		}
	},

	/**
	 * This namespace contains all currently loaded languages and the some helper functions to create and modify languages.
	 *
	 * @namespace
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 */
	languages: {
		/**
		 * Creates a deep copy of the language with the given id and appends the given tokens.
		 *
		 * If a token in `redef` also appears in the copied language, then the existing token in the copied language
		 * will be overwritten at its original position.
		 *
		 * ## Best practices
		 *
		 * Since the position of overwriting tokens (token in `redef` that overwrite tokens in the copied language)
		 * doesn't matter, they can technically be in any order. However, this can be confusing to others that trying to
		 * understand the language definition because, normally, the order of tokens matters in Prism grammars.
		 *
		 * Therefore, it is encouraged to order overwriting tokens according to the positions of the overwritten tokens.
		 * Furthermore, all non-overwriting tokens should be placed after the overwriting ones.
		 *
		 * @param {string} id The id of the language to extend. This has to be a key in `Prism.languages`.
		 * @param {Grammar} redef The new tokens to append.
		 * @returns {Grammar} The new language created.
		 * @public
		 * @example
		 * Prism.languages['css-with-colors'] = Prism.languages.extend('css', {
		 *     // Prism.languages.css already has a 'comment' token, so this token will overwrite CSS' 'comment' token
		 *     // at its original position
		 *     'comment': { ... },
		 *     // CSS doesn't have a 'color' token, so this token will be appended
		 *     'color': /\b(?:red|green|blue)\b/
		 * });
		 */
		extend: function (id, redef) {
			var lang = _.util.clone(_.languages[id]);

			for (var key in redef) {
				lang[key] = redef[key];
			}

			return lang;
		},

		/**
		 * Inserts tokens _before_ another token in a language definition or any other grammar.
		 *
		 * ## Usage
		 *
		 * This helper method makes it easy to modify existing languages. For example, the CSS language definition
		 * not only defines CSS highlighting for CSS documents, but also needs to define highlighting for CSS embedded
		 * in HTML through `<style>` elements. To do this, it needs to modify `Prism.languages.markup` and add the
		 * appropriate tokens. However, `Prism.languages.markup` is a regular JavaScript object literal, so if you do
		 * this:
		 *
		 * ```js
		 * Prism.languages.markup.style = {
		 *     // token
		 * };
		 * ```
		 *
		 * then the `style` token will be added (and processed) at the end. `insertBefore` allows you to insert tokens
		 * before existing tokens. For the CSS example above, you would use it like this:
		 *
		 * ```js
		 * Prism.languages.insertBefore('markup', 'cdata', {
		 *     'style': {
		 *         // token
		 *     }
		 * });
		 * ```
		 *
		 * ## Special cases
		 *
		 * If the grammars of `inside` and `insert` have tokens with the same name, the tokens in `inside`'s grammar
		 * will be ignored.
		 *
		 * This behavior can be used to insert tokens after `before`:
		 *
		 * ```js
		 * Prism.languages.insertBefore('markup', 'comment', {
		 *     'comment': Prism.languages.markup.comment,
		 *     // tokens after 'comment'
		 * });
		 * ```
		 *
		 * ## Limitations
		 *
		 * The main problem `insertBefore` has to solve is iteration order. Since ES2015, the iteration order for object
		 * properties is guaranteed to be the insertion order (except for integer keys) but some browsers behave
		 * differently when keys are deleted and re-inserted. So `insertBefore` can't be implemented by temporarily
		 * deleting properties which is necessary to insert at arbitrary positions.
		 *
		 * To solve this problem, `insertBefore` doesn't actually insert the given tokens into the target object.
		 * Instead, it will create a new object and replace all references to the target object with the new one. This
		 * can be done without temporarily deleting properties, so the iteration order is well-defined.
		 *
		 * However, only references that can be reached from `Prism.languages` or `insert` will be replaced. I.e. if
		 * you hold the target object in a variable, then the value of the variable will not change.
		 *
		 * ```js
		 * var oldMarkup = Prism.languages.markup;
		 * var newMarkup = Prism.languages.insertBefore('markup', 'comment', { ... });
		 *
		 * assert(oldMarkup !== Prism.languages.markup);
		 * assert(newMarkup === Prism.languages.markup);
		 * ```
		 *
		 * @param {string} inside The property of `root` (e.g. a language id in `Prism.languages`) that contains the
		 * object to be modified.
		 * @param {string} before The key to insert before.
		 * @param {Grammar} insert An object containing the key-value pairs to be inserted.
		 * @param {Object<string, any>} [root] The object containing `inside`, i.e. the object that contains the
		 * object to be modified.
		 *
		 * Defaults to `Prism.languages`.
		 * @returns {Grammar} The new grammar object.
		 * @public
		 */
		insertBefore: function (inside, before, insert, root) {
			root = root || /** @type {any} */ (_.languages);
			var grammar = root[inside];
			/** @type {Grammar} */
			var ret = {};

			for (var token in grammar) {
				if (grammar.hasOwnProperty(token)) {

					if (token == before) {
						for (var newToken in insert) {
							if (insert.hasOwnProperty(newToken)) {
								ret[newToken] = insert[newToken];
							}
						}
					}

					// Do not insert token which also occur in insert. See #1525
					if (!insert.hasOwnProperty(token)) {
						ret[token] = grammar[token];
					}
				}
			}

			var old = root[inside];
			root[inside] = ret;

			// Update references in other language definitions
			_.languages.DFS(_.languages, function(key, value) {
				if (value === old && key != inside) {
					this[key] = ret;
				}
			});

			return ret;
		},

		// Traverse a language definition with Depth First Search
		DFS: function DFS(o, callback, type, visited) {
			visited = visited || {};

			var objId = _.util.objId;

			for (var i in o) {
				if (o.hasOwnProperty(i)) {
					callback.call(o, i, o[i], type || i);

					var property = o[i],
					    propertyType = _.util.type(property);

					if (propertyType === 'Object' && !visited[objId(property)]) {
						visited[objId(property)] = true;
						DFS(property, callback, null, visited);
					}
					else if (propertyType === 'Array' && !visited[objId(property)]) {
						visited[objId(property)] = true;
						DFS(property, callback, i, visited);
					}
				}
			}
		}
	},

	plugins: {},

	/**
	 * This is the most high-level function in Prism’s API.
	 * It fetches all the elements that have a `.language-xxxx` class and then calls {@link Prism.highlightElement} on
	 * each one of them.
	 *
	 * This is equivalent to `Prism.highlightAllUnder(document, async, callback)`.
	 *
	 * @param {boolean} [async=false] Same as in {@link Prism.highlightAllUnder}.
	 * @param {HighlightCallback} [callback] Same as in {@link Prism.highlightAllUnder}.
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 */
	highlightAll: function(async, callback) {
		_.highlightAllUnder(document, async, callback);
	},

	/**
	 * Fetches all the descendants of `container` that have a `.language-xxxx` class and then calls
	 * {@link Prism.highlightElement} on each one of them.
	 *
	 * The following hooks will be run:
	 * 1. `before-highlightall`
	 * 2. `before-all-elements-highlight`
	 * 3. All hooks of {@link Prism.highlightElement} for each element.
	 *
	 * @param {ParentNode} container The root element, whose descendants that have a `.language-xxxx` class will be highlighted.
	 * @param {boolean} [async=false] Whether each element is to be highlighted asynchronously using Web Workers.
	 * @param {HighlightCallback} [callback] An optional callback to be invoked on each element after its highlighting is done.
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 */
	highlightAllUnder: function(container, async, callback) {
		var env = {
			callback: callback,
			container: container,
			selector: 'code[class*="language-"], [class*="language-"] code, code[class*="lang-"], [class*="lang-"] code'
		};

		_.hooks.run('before-highlightall', env);

		env.elements = Array.prototype.slice.apply(env.container.querySelectorAll(env.selector));

		_.hooks.run('before-all-elements-highlight', env);

		for (var i = 0, element; element = env.elements[i++];) {
			_.highlightElement(element, async === true, env.callback);
		}
	},

	/**
	 * Highlights the code inside a single element.
	 *
	 * The following hooks will be run:
	 * 1. `before-sanity-check`
	 * 2. `before-highlight`
	 * 3. All hooks of {@link Prism.highlight}. These hooks will be run by an asynchronous worker if `async` is `true`.
	 * 4. `before-insert`
	 * 5. `after-highlight`
	 * 6. `complete`
	 *
	 * Some the above hooks will be skipped if the element doesn't contain any text or there is no grammar loaded for
	 * the element's language.
	 *
	 * @param {Element} element The element containing the code.
	 * It must have a class of `language-xxxx` to be processed, where `xxxx` is a valid language identifier.
	 * @param {boolean} [async=false] Whether the element is to be highlighted asynchronously using Web Workers
	 * to improve performance and avoid blocking the UI when highlighting very large chunks of code. This option is
	 * [disabled by default](https://prismjs.com/faq.html#why-is-asynchronous-highlighting-disabled-by-default).
	 *
	 * Note: All language definitions required to highlight the code must be included in the main `prism.js` file for
	 * asynchronous highlighting to work. You can build your own bundle on the
	 * [Download page](https://prismjs.com/download.html).
	 * @param {HighlightCallback} [callback] An optional callback to be invoked after the highlighting is done.
	 * Mostly useful when `async` is `true`, since in that case, the highlighting is done asynchronously.
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 */
	highlightElement: function(element, async, callback) {
		// Find language
		var language = _.util.getLanguage(element);
		var grammar = _.languages[language];

		// Set language on the element, if not present
		element.className = element.className.replace(lang, '').replace(/\s+/g, ' ') + ' language-' + language;

		// Set language on the parent, for styling
		var parent = element.parentElement;
		if (parent && parent.nodeName.toLowerCase() === 'pre') {
			parent.className = parent.className.replace(lang, '').replace(/\s+/g, ' ') + ' language-' + language;
		}

		var code = element.textContent;

		var env = {
			element: element,
			language: language,
			grammar: grammar,
			code: code
		};

		function insertHighlightedCode(highlightedCode) {
			env.highlightedCode = highlightedCode;

			_.hooks.run('before-insert', env);

			env.element.innerHTML = env.highlightedCode;

			_.hooks.run('after-highlight', env);
			_.hooks.run('complete', env);
			callback && callback.call(env.element);
		}

		_.hooks.run('before-sanity-check', env);

		if (!env.code) {
			_.hooks.run('complete', env);
			callback && callback.call(env.element);
			return;
		}

		_.hooks.run('before-highlight', env);

		if (!env.grammar) {
			insertHighlightedCode(_.util.encode(env.code));
			return;
		}

		if (async && _self.Worker) {
			var worker = new Worker(_.filename);

			worker.onmessage = function(evt) {
				insertHighlightedCode(evt.data);
			};

			worker.postMessage(JSON.stringify({
				language: env.language,
				code: env.code,
				immediateClose: true
			}));
		}
		else {
			insertHighlightedCode(_.highlight(env.code, env.grammar, env.language));
		}
	},

	/**
	 * Low-level function, only use if you know what you’re doing. It accepts a string of text as input
	 * and the language definitions to use, and returns a string with the HTML produced.
	 *
	 * The following hooks will be run:
	 * 1. `before-tokenize`
	 * 2. `after-tokenize`
	 * 3. `wrap`: On each {@link Token}.
	 *
	 * @param {string} text A string with the code to be highlighted.
	 * @param {Grammar} grammar An object containing the tokens to use.
	 *
	 * Usually a language definition like `Prism.languages.markup`.
	 * @param {string} language The name of the language definition passed to `grammar`.
	 * @returns {string} The highlighted HTML.
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 * @example
	 * Prism.highlight('var foo = true;', Prism.languages.javascript, 'javascript');
	 */
	highlight: function (text, grammar, language) {
		var env = {
			code: text,
			grammar: grammar,
			language: language
		};
		_.hooks.run('before-tokenize', env);
		env.tokens = _.tokenize(env.code, env.grammar);
		_.hooks.run('after-tokenize', env);
		return Token.stringify(_.util.encode(env.tokens), env.language);
	},

	/**
	 * This is the heart of Prism, and the most low-level function you can use. It accepts a string of text as input
	 * and the language definitions to use, and returns an array with the tokenized code.
	 *
	 * When the language definition includes nested tokens, the function is called recursively on each of these tokens.
	 *
	 * This method could be useful in other contexts as well, as a very crude parser.
	 *
	 * @param {string} text A string with the code to be highlighted.
	 * @param {Grammar} grammar An object containing the tokens to use.
	 *
	 * Usually a language definition like `Prism.languages.markup`.
	 * @returns {TokenStream} An array of strings and tokens, a token stream.
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 * @example
	 * let code = `var foo = 0;`;
	 * let tokens = Prism.tokenize(code, Prism.languages.javascript);
	 * tokens.forEach(token => {
	 *     if (token instanceof Prism.Token && token.type === 'number') {
	 *         console.log(`Found numeric literal: ${token.content}`);
	 *     }
	 * });
	 */
	tokenize: function(text, grammar) {
		var rest = grammar.rest;
		if (rest) {
			for (var token in rest) {
				grammar[token] = rest[token];
			}

			delete grammar.rest;
		}

		var tokenList = new LinkedList();
		addAfter(tokenList, tokenList.head, text);

		matchGrammar(text, tokenList, grammar, tokenList.head, 0);

		return toArray(tokenList);
	},

	/**
	 * @namespace
	 * @memberof Prism
	 * @public
	 */
	hooks: {
		all: {},

		/**
		 * Adds the given callback to the list of callbacks for the given hook.
		 *
		 * The callback will be invoked when the hook it is registered for is run.
		 * Hooks are usually directly run by a highlight function but you can also run hooks yourself.
		 *
		 * One callback function can be registered to multiple hooks and the same hook multiple times.
		 *
		 * @param {string} name The name of the hook.
		 * @param {HookCallback} callback The callback function which is given environment variables.
		 * @public
		 */
		add: function (name, callback) {
			var hooks = _.hooks.all;

			hooks[name] = hooks[name] || [];

			hooks[name].push(callback);
		},

		/**
		 * Runs a hook invoking all registered callbacks with the given environment variables.
		 *
		 * Callbacks will be invoked synchronously and in the order in which they were registered.
		 *
		 * @param {string} name The name of the hook.
		 * @param {Object<string, any>} env The environment variables of the hook passed to all callbacks registered.
		 * @public
		 */
		run: function (name, env) {
			var callbacks = _.hooks.all[name];

			if (!callbacks || !callbacks.length) {
				return;
			}

			for (var i=0, callback; callback = callbacks[i++];) {
				callback(env);
			}
		}
	},

	Token: Token
};
_self.Prism = _;


// Typescript note:
// The following can be used to import the Token type in JSDoc:
//
//   @typedef {InstanceType<import("./prism-core")["Token"]>} Token

/**
 * Creates a new token.
 *
 * @param {string} type See {@link Token#type type}
 * @param {string | TokenStream} content See {@link Token#content content}
 * @param {string|string[]} [alias] The alias(es) of the token.
 * @param {string} [matchedStr=""] A copy of the full string this token was created from.
 * @class
 * @global
 * @public
 */
function Token(type, content, alias, matchedStr) {
	/**
	 * The type of the token.
	 *
	 * This is usually the key of a pattern in a {@link Grammar}.
	 *
	 * @type {string}
	 * @see GrammarToken
	 * @public
	 */
	this.type = type;
	/**
	 * The strings or tokens contained by this token.
	 *
	 * This will be a token stream if the pattern matched also defined an `inside` grammar.
	 *
	 * @type {string | TokenStream}
	 * @public
	 */
	this.content = content;
	/**
	 * The alias(es) of the token.
	 *
	 * @type {string|string[]}
	 * @see GrammarToken
	 * @public
	 */
	this.alias = alias;
	// Copy of the full string this token was created from
	this.length = (matchedStr || '').length | 0;
}

/**
 * A token stream is an array of strings and {@link Token Token} objects.
 *
 * Token streams have to fulfill a few properties that are assumed by most functions (mostly internal ones) that process
 * them.
 *
 * 1. No adjacent strings.
 * 2. No empty strings.
 *
 *    The only exception here is the token stream that only contains the empty string and nothing else.
 *
 * @typedef {Array<string | Token>} TokenStream
 * @global
 * @public
 */

/**
 * Converts the given token or token stream to an HTML representation.
 *
 * The following hooks will be run:
 * 1. `wrap`: On each {@link Token}.
 *
 * @param {string | Token | TokenStream} o The token or token stream to be converted.
 * @param {string} language The name of current language.
 * @returns {string} The HTML representation of the token or token stream.
 * @memberof Token
 * @static
 */
Token.stringify = function stringify(o, language) {
	if (typeof o == 'string') {
		return o;
	}
	if (Array.isArray(o)) {
		var s = '';
		o.forEach(function (e) {
			s += stringify(e, language);
		});
		return s;
	}

	var env = {
		type: o.type,
		content: stringify(o.content, language),
		tag: 'span',
		classes: ['token', o.type],
		attributes: {},
		language: language
	};

	var aliases = o.alias;
	if (aliases) {
		if (Array.isArray(aliases)) {
			Array.prototype.push.apply(env.classes, aliases);
		} else {
			env.classes.push(aliases);
		}
	}

	_.hooks.run('wrap', env);

	var attributes = '';
	for (var name in env.attributes) {
		attributes += ' ' + name + '="' + (env.attributes[name] || '').replace(/"/g, '&quot;') + '"';
	}

	return '<' + env.tag + ' class="' + env.classes.join(' ') + '"' + attributes + '>' + env.content + '</' + env.tag + '>';
};

/**
 * @param {RegExp} pattern
 * @param {number} pos
 * @param {string} text
 * @param {boolean} lookbehind
 * @returns {RegExpExecArray | null}
 */
function matchPattern(pattern, pos, text, lookbehind) {
	pattern.lastIndex = pos;
	var match = pattern.exec(text);
	if (match && lookbehind && match[1]) {
		// change the match to remove the text matched by the Prism lookbehind group
		var lookbehindLength = match[1].length;
		match.index += lookbehindLength;
		match[0] = match[0].slice(lookbehindLength);
	}
	return match;
}

/**
 * @param {string} text
 * @param {LinkedList<string | Token>} tokenList
 * @param {any} grammar
 * @param {LinkedListNode<string | Token>} startNode
 * @param {number} startPos
 * @param {RematchOptions} [rematch]
 * @returns {void}
 * @private
 *
 * @typedef RematchOptions
 * @property {string} cause
 * @property {number} reach
 */
function matchGrammar(text, tokenList, grammar, startNode, startPos, rematch) {
	for (var token in grammar) {
		if (!grammar.hasOwnProperty(token) || !grammar[token]) {
			continue;
		}

		var patterns = grammar[token];
		patterns = Array.isArray(patterns) ? patterns : [patterns];

		for (var j = 0; j < patterns.length; ++j) {
			if (rematch && rematch.cause == token + ',' + j) {
				return;
			}

			var patternObj = patterns[j],
				inside = patternObj.inside,
				lookbehind = !!patternObj.lookbehind,
				greedy = !!patternObj.greedy,
				alias = patternObj.alias;

			if (greedy && !patternObj.pattern.global) {
				// Without the global flag, lastIndex won't work
				var flags = patternObj.pattern.toString().match(/[imsuy]*$/)[0];
				patternObj.pattern = RegExp(patternObj.pattern.source, flags + 'g');
			}

			/** @type {RegExp} */
			var pattern = patternObj.pattern || patternObj;

			for ( // iterate the token list and keep track of the current token/string position
				var currentNode = startNode.next, pos = startPos;
				currentNode !== tokenList.tail;
				pos += currentNode.value.length, currentNode = currentNode.next
			) {

				if (rematch && pos >= rematch.reach) {
					break;
				}

				var str = currentNode.value;

				if (tokenList.length > text.length) {
					// Something went terribly wrong, ABORT, ABORT!
					return;
				}

				if (str instanceof Token) {
					continue;
				}

				var removeCount = 1; // this is the to parameter of removeBetween
				var match;

				if (greedy) {
					match = matchPattern(pattern, pos, text, lookbehind);
					if (!match) {
						break;
					}

					var from = match.index;
					var to = match.index + match[0].length;
					var p = pos;

					// find the node that contains the match
					p += currentNode.value.length;
					while (from >= p) {
						currentNode = currentNode.next;
						p += currentNode.value.length;
					}
					// adjust pos (and p)
					p -= currentNode.value.length;
					pos = p;

					// the current node is a Token, then the match starts inside another Token, which is invalid
					if (currentNode.value instanceof Token) {
						continue;
					}

					// find the last node which is affected by this match
					for (
						var k = currentNode;
						k !== tokenList.tail && (p < to || typeof k.value === 'string');
						k = k.next
					) {
						removeCount++;
						p += k.value.length;
					}
					removeCount--;

					// replace with the new match
					str = text.slice(pos, p);
					match.index -= pos;
				} else {
					match = matchPattern(pattern, 0, str, lookbehind);
					if (!match) {
						continue;
					}
				}

				var from = match.index,
					matchStr = match[0],
					before = str.slice(0, from),
					after = str.slice(from + matchStr.length);

				var reach = pos + str.length;
				if (rematch && reach > rematch.reach) {
					rematch.reach = reach;
				}

				var removeFrom = currentNode.prev;

				if (before) {
					removeFrom = addAfter(tokenList, removeFrom, before);
					pos += before.length;
				}

				removeRange(tokenList, removeFrom, removeCount);

				var wrapped = new Token(token, inside ? _.tokenize(matchStr, inside) : matchStr, alias, matchStr);
				currentNode = addAfter(tokenList, removeFrom, wrapped);

				if (after) {
					addAfter(tokenList, currentNode, after);
				}

				if (removeCount > 1) {
					// at least one Token object was removed, so we have to do some rematching
					// this can only happen if the current pattern is greedy
					matchGrammar(text, tokenList, grammar, currentNode.prev, pos, {
						cause: token + ',' + j,
						reach: reach
					});
				}
			}
		}
	}
}

/**
 * @typedef LinkedListNode
 * @property {T} value
 * @property {LinkedListNode<T> | null} prev The previous node.
 * @property {LinkedListNode<T> | null} next The next node.
 * @template T
 * @private
 */

/**
 * @template T
 * @private
 */
function LinkedList() {
	/** @type {LinkedListNode<T>} */
	var head = { value: null, prev: null, next: null };
	/** @type {LinkedListNode<T>} */
	var tail = { value: null, prev: head, next: null };
	head.next = tail;

	/** @type {LinkedListNode<T>} */
	this.head = head;
	/** @type {LinkedListNode<T>} */
	this.tail = tail;
	this.length = 0;
}

/**
 * Adds a new node with the given value to the list.
 * @param {LinkedList<T>} list
 * @param {LinkedListNode<T>} node
 * @param {T} value
 * @returns {LinkedListNode<T>} The added node.
 * @template T
 */
function addAfter(list, node, value) {
	// assumes that node != list.tail && values.length >= 0
	var next = node.next;

	var newNode = { value: value, prev: node, next: next };
	node.next = newNode;
	next.prev = newNode;
	list.length++;

	return newNode;
}
/**
 * Removes `count` nodes after the given node. The given node will not be removed.
 * @param {LinkedList<T>} list
 * @param {LinkedListNode<T>} node
 * @param {number} count
 * @template T
 */
function removeRange(list, node, count) {
	var next = node.next;
	for (var i = 0; i < count && next !== list.tail; i++) {
		next = next.next;
	}
	node.next = next;
	next.prev = node;
	list.length -= i;
}
/**
 * @param {LinkedList<T>} list
 * @returns {T[]}
 * @template T
 */
function toArray(list) {
	var array = [];
	var node = list.head.next;
	while (node !== list.tail) {
		array.push(node.value);
		node = node.next;
	}
	return array;
}


if (!_self.document) {
	if (!_self.addEventListener) {
		// in Node.js
		return _;
	}

	if (!_.disableWorkerMessageHandler) {
		// In worker
		_self.addEventListener('message', function (evt) {
			var message = JSON.parse(evt.data),
				lang = message.language,
				code = message.code,
				immediateClose = message.immediateClose;

			_self.postMessage(_.highlight(code, _.languages[lang], lang));
			if (immediateClose) {
				_self.close();
			}
		}, false);
	}

	return _;
}

// Get current script and highlight
var script = _.util.currentScript();

if (script) {
	_.filename = script.src;

	if (script.hasAttribute('data-manual')) {
		_.manual = true;
	}
}

function highlightAutomaticallyCallback() {
	if (!_.manual) {
		_.highlightAll();
	}
}

if (!_.manual) {
	// If the document state is "loading", then we'll use DOMContentLoaded.
	// If the document state is "interactive" and the prism.js script is deferred, then we'll also use the
	// DOMContentLoaded event because there might be some plugins or languages which have also been deferred and they
	// might take longer one animation frame to execute which can create a race condition where only some plugins have
	// been loaded when Prism.highlightAll() is executed, depending on how fast resources are loaded.
	// See https://github.com/PrismJS/prism/issues/2102
	var readyState = document.readyState;
	if (readyState === 'loading' || readyState === 'interactive' && script && script.defer) {
		document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', highlightAutomaticallyCallback);
	} else {
		if (window.requestAnimationFrame) {
			window.requestAnimationFrame(highlightAutomaticallyCallback);
		} else {
			window.setTimeout(highlightAutomaticallyCallback, 16);
		}
	}
}

return _;

})(_self);

if (typeof module !== 'undefined' && module.exports) {
	module.exports = Prism;
}

// hack for components to work correctly in node.js
if (typeof global !== 'undefined') {
	global.Prism = Prism;
}

// some additional documentation/types

/**
 * The expansion of a simple `RegExp` literal to support additional properties.
 *
 * @typedef GrammarToken
 * @property {RegExp} pattern The regular expression of the token.
 * @property {boolean} [lookbehind=false] If `true`, then the first capturing group of `pattern` will (effectively)
 * behave as a lookbehind group meaning that the captured text will not be part of the matched text of the new token.
 * @property {boolean} [greedy=false] Whether the token is greedy.
 * @property {string|string[]} [alias] An optional alias or list of aliases.
 * @property {Grammar} [inside] The nested grammar of this token.
 *
 * The `inside` grammar will be used to tokenize the text value of each token of this kind.
 *
 * This can be used to make nested and even recursive language definitions.
 *
 * Note: This can cause infinite recursion. Be careful when you embed different languages or even the same language into
 * each another.
 * @global
 * @public
*/

/**
 * @typedef Grammar
 * @type {Object<string, RegExp | GrammarToken | Array<RegExp | GrammarToken>>}
 * @property {Grammar} [rest] An optional grammar object that will be appended to this grammar.
 * @global
 * @public
 */

/**
 * A function which will invoked after an element was successfully highlighted.
 *
 * @callback HighlightCallback
 * @param {Element} element The element successfully highlighted.
 * @returns {void}
 * @global
 * @public
*/

/**
 * @callback HookCallback
 * @param {Object<string, any>} env The environment variables of the hook.
 * @returns {void}
 * @global
 * @public
 */